Motion Capture Resources
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Motion Capture History

Welcome to Measurand's Motion Capture History Page.

We have included links to interesting steps in the evolution of Motion Capture.

If you think an important step in the evolution is missing please email me at


Recent Development

New terminology in Motion capture emerges.
Hand-Over : refers to the process of adding hand and finger motion capture data to pre-existing full-body motion capture data using a hand motion capture device. This is usually done by playing back the full-body data while simultaneously recording the hand and finger data. This is similar to a voice actor doing a voice-over for animated characters.

Pioneers of Motion Capture

Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904) - pioneer photographer of the moving image

Étienne-Jules Marey - First person to analyze human and animal motion with video

Harold E. "Doc" Edgerton (1903-1990) -High Speed stroboscopic photography

Lee Harrison III (1960's) - Scanimation

Walt Disney - Multiplane Camera

Milestones in Motion capture

Waldo C. Graphic - First muppet animated by puppetry

Mike the Talking Head - MikedeGraf/Wahrman, Siggraph 1988

Final Fantasy The Spirits Within - First feature film to use motion capture to create realistic principle digital humans. Video

Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers- First film recognized by the Motion Picture academy as the first major achievement in performance capture..Video

Polar Express - The Polar Express is the first feature film to be shot entirely in Performance Capture.

History of Animation Software Companies, 2001 to 2007


If you find an article within these Motion Capture Resource pages that is incorrectly credited please email Scott at